Australia is a stunning travel destination with many awe-inspiring natural wonders that cannot be found anywhere else on the planet. And it’s not only kangaroos. Along with 16 others, Australia literally breaks the barriers of bio-diversity and is part of a top-notch number of countries acknowledged as mega-diverse for their amazingly impressive numbers—and the variety—from the planet’s animal species. One pillar of this thriving ecosystem may be the Great Barrier Reef, an impossibly long stretch on the north-eastern coast that is one of several structures— and also the only living one— that’s visible from space.
While there are many unique things to do and see in Australia, a vacation to the land here can never be complete without a peek at the truly amazing Barrier Reef, the defining feature of the country’s stunning seascape. Here’s important a must-see.
All About The Great Barrier Reef In Australia
It’s ironic the world’s largest living structures are surprisingly the crowning act of a few of the world’s tiniest living things. Measuring no more than 2 millimeters in diameter, polyps are tiny, soft, and squishy invertebrates—that look like colorful sea anemones. The species that eventually make coral reefs have, like tortoises or turtles, bodies which are ensconced in a protective shell called a calyx. These shells are made of limestone, or technically, calcium carbonate. Once the polyps die or reproduce, these limestone skeletons get separated from the polyps—and form stable layers which young, baby polyps start out their lives.
Eventually, the slow wheels of time result in the limestone layers grow tall and breadth, towards the astonishing levels that we understand them for. Scientists two years ago discovered a reef which was 500 meters tall. For perspective, that specific reef is taller compared to 443-meter-high New York's Empire State Building or even the 451-meter-high Petronas Twin Towers in Kl Malaysia.
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Here’s why astronauts can see the Great Barrier Reef from space. The shallow lagoons that cover the coral reefs emit a sparkling, iridescent blue that significantly contrasts with the deep-toned blue from the surrounding oceans. Thousands of miles away in space, astronauts can mark out these uniquely colored regions. The reef itself is a structural mosaic of gigantic proportions. It sits on a vast area of over 340,000 square kilometers or 131, 274 square miles. For many bearing, the state of Florida is all about 170,312 square kilometers. What that means is that the Sunshine State would go into the Great Barrier Reef twice. If it were a European country, it might be the eighth in size and greater than both the Uk and Italy.
The Great Barrier Reef also stretches to an impressive 2,300 kilometers. You might travel from down south in Miami all the way to New York—but still be left with about 237 kilometers to cover. And while we discuss the Great Barrier Reef, this natural wonder isn't a single reef. Instead, it’s an intricate network—and system of about 2,900 separate reefs covered with 400 different types and species of coral. This is an area and an ecosystem that will require a lifetime to understand more about. It’s interesting that James Cook, who was fitly called an explorer, is the one that accidentally discovered these astounding marine systems on the new england of Australia—six years prior to the signing of the American Declaration of Independence.
Unlike fringing reefs that go over the shoreline sea-wards, barrier reefs form something similar to an all natural barrier some meters in to the ocean leaving an in-depth channel—or lagoons—between your ocean’s shoreline and also the ocean proper. Many corals of the Great Barrier Reef appear in a sensational pinkish glow or in some striking purplish radiance. Don’t be too quick to celebrate this breathtaking color effect. Unfortunately, that’s often a consequence of coral bleaching caused by changes in environmental conditions including climate change or industrial pollution.
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The Great Barrier Reef’s Bio-diversity
The Great Barrier Reef is one thing like an Amazon within the sea. The complex product is the place to find a fantastic 1,500 species of tropical fish. That’s 3 times the number of tropical species of fish in the Mesoamerican reef. It’s also the place to find over 2, 000 types of immobile aquatic invertebrates known as sponges. That’s 40% of sponge species worldwide. There are 7 species of marine turtles on the planet. The Great Barrier Reef hosts 6 of those. There are also numerous species of mollusks, amphibians, and reptiles the Great Barrier Reef sustains. With one of these numbers, the truly amazing Barrier Reef is among the most biologically diverse areas anywhere on the planet.
- The Best Way To Begin to see the Great Barrier Reef: Cairns, Port Douglas, and Lady Musgrave are three of the best spots to see the reef preferably on the liveaboard. You can experience a 3-day trip with Pro Dive for about $1,000.
Apart from just the reef, there’s an enormous amount of water sports on some pristine beaches that’ll alllow for a visit a person can have. The Great Barrier Reef deserves the name “Great.” A trip here ought to be made a compulsory travel adventure.