Historians, artists, scientists, foodies, hikers, and yoga enthusiasts all call Jordan home. Each one of these people will look for a kindred spirit in this country. The traditional stone city of Petra, deep in the Jordanian desert, includes a dreamlike aura. It's clear to see why travelers are infatuated with this site, sculpted from magnificent pink sandstone rock and concealed for hundreds of years until it had been uncovered by a Swiss adventurer. Petra is a key component of Jordan's cultural legacy, and it's no real surprise that it's of all people's travel bucket lists. This ancient city is among the most breathtaking and interesting destinations in the centre East, with elaborately carved monuments, complex corridors, and a secret past. Listed here are 10 things tourists never knew about Petra.
10 Different Names
Petra was known with a different name among the Nabatean people, based on Josephus, an old historian. Moreover, according to inscriptions etched to the astonishing walls, the incredible city was known as Raqemo, after its royal creator. In counterpart, the gorgeous colour of Petra's sandstone has earned it the nickname "the Rose City." Around sunset, the ultimate sun's rays cast a beautiful pink color around the rocks, which makes it one of the most enchanting times to go to.
9 Some Nabataean Descendants Still Live There
Several Bedouins still live in Petra's caverns, but tourists shall give consideration and not mistake them for many semi-barbarians. The Bedouins are intelligent and hardy those who are used to and enjoy residing in tough environments. When Petra was designated like a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985, the Jordanian government tried to move these to a new settlement nearby. However, not all of them accepted the offer, plus they stayed in their gives up Petra like Mofleh.
8 Half Of Petra Is Roman
Tourists do not expect to see a lot of Roman remains within the famed Nabatean city throughout their sightseeing. There's even an amphitheater! The Romans annexed Nabataea and known as the region Arabia Petraea. When Petra's commercial value declined, the people abandoned the desert area, leaving it to the Romans and then Byzantines, who maintained erecting Christian churches. This truth is shocking to many visitors because Petra is really a desolate location within the Jordanian desert.
7 Petra Was Once Renowned for Its Gardens
It is impossible to envisage Petra as a verdant paradise as it is found in the arid, sandy Jordanian desert. Nevertheless, recent excavations have says a sophisticated irrigation system supplied water to the city's thirsty residents whilst powering an impressive complex of fountains and gardens. Petra was a real oasis within the dry desert due to these magnificent gardens. City residents even were built with a pool!
6 Petra Is Aligned With The Sun
The majority of Petra's constructions face the sun. While the ancient city was built like a commercial hub and could accommodate an astonishing 30,000 people (for that ancient time), it had been also meant to emphasize equinoxes and solstices. The affluent spice traders, like other ancient civilizations, venerated the sun's rays making sure their key monuments were properly aligned with their position around the bright horizon.
5 Petra Continues to be Undiscovered
Petra is a big archaeological site. To check on everything there, tourists need a few days. The astounding fact is the city's gorgeous monuments, unique tombs, and rock-hewn constructions account for barely 15% from the total area. The remainder continues to be hidden and awaiting discovery! There are many more secrets beneath the surface that could reveal information about Petra's early past, along with the intriguing Byzantine and Greek periods.
4 Petra Is (Almost) Impossible To Conquer
Petra's extraordinary natural defenses may have contributed to the city's success. The site is reached in the east by al-Siq, a narrow, winding gorge that stretches for around a kilometer and might have made it extremely difficult for enemy forces to go in without being halted. This has been the secret to the long-term success.
3 There's Just a little Petra
Next on every guide's list of fascinating Petra facts is… Petra, the petite one. The archaeological site of Little Petra also called Siq al-Barid, is located in the northern part of the original 'great' Petra. It's another Nabataean landmark with remarkable rock-carved buildings, because the name suggests. Siq al-Barid, on the other hand, is much smaller and fewer crowded than the other Petra. It's ideal for visitors who wish to begin to see the old Nabatean wonders but don't wish to cope with the crowds.
2 It Was Destroyed By An Earthquake
While there were several causes for the once-prominent desert city's abandonment, the earthquake in AD 363 was the most important catalyst. It was a major setback for Petra, which saw a lot of its religious sites and tombs, as well as half of the town, destroyed. It even messed up the complex water supply system. The earthquake's destruction, resulting from alterations in trade routes, drained the city's energy and forced it to close.
1 Petra Is Steeped In Biblical Legend
Petra's historical beginnings could be traced all the way to Biblical times. Moses Valley (Wadi Musa) may be the valley by which our planet wonder city is located. In particular, the legend of Moses extracting water in the sandstone is how Petra is mentioned within the Bible. It is stated that the prophet struck a rock in Petra to supply water for his thirsty people, and it magically spouted from the ground.