Canada is a massive country – the second biggest in the world after Russia and just bigger than China and the United States. Spanning this type of vast area it is made up of a number of completely different regions. Canada covers everything from the Atlantic, towards the Arctic Ocean and tundra, towards the Canadian shield, towards the prairies, towards the Canadian Rockies
So when visiting Canada, which side should one pick? These regions are completely different have very different attractions on offer. Here we will consider the two east and west extremes of Canada – the Maritimes and the Rockies.
The Canadian Maritimes
The Maritimes have some of a long colonial histories of Canada and were British colonies during the time of the American War of Independence. During that time, they were unwilling or not able to join the 13 Original Colonies and when onto end up part of Canada.
The Maritimes comprise three provinces – New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island (PEI). They sometimes don't include Newfoundland which instead is believed of included in the larger region of Atlantic Canada.
- Population: 1.8 Million (5.6% of Canada)
- Provinces: New Brunswick, Quebec, Prince Edward Island
These provinces possess a long colonial history (for The united states) and in the case of recent Brunswick, a powerful French influence. These provinces are stunning but lack the eye-watering dramatic landscapes of the Rockies. They're, however, historic, and often charming and quaint and often a mix of French and English influence.
The Provinces of The Canadian Maritimes
Prince Edward Island:
Prince Edward Island is a charming island of rolling green hills it may be the setting of Anne of Green Gables. As being a beautiful island, you are able to by nicknames including “Garden of the Gulf”.
It was first colonized through the French in 1604 in their colony of Acadia. However it was later ceded to Britain following the French lack of the French and Indian War. Today it has only a small population close to 158,000 residents.
- Population: 158,000 Residents
- Fun Fact: It Produces Around 25% of Canada's Potatoes
New Brunswick is the only Canadian province to possess both English and French as official languages (although English predominates in many from the province – about two-thirds). In france they influence is mostly that of Acadian French using the local number of French being called Acadian French.
It is a stunning province being around 83% forested and far of its forming the northern extreme from the Appalachian mountains. It was initially settled through the French in 1604 prior to being lost to the British years later.
- Size: 28,150 sq miles
- Population: 775,000 Residents
Nova Scotia is Latin for “New Scotland” and is the most populous from the Atlantic provinces of Canada. It occupies a really distinctive peninsula and was also originally a part of France's New France. Many Loyalists settled there within the wake of the American War of Independence.
- Size: 21,345 sq miles
- Population: A million Residents
The Canadian Rockies
The Canadian Rockies are the mountains stretching completely from Boise state broncos for 3,000 miles up to northern Canada. They dominate British Columbia and western Alberta. It is this region that includes a number of Canada's most picture-perfect settings and many well-known national parks.
National Parks of The Canadian Rockies:
- Banff National Park
- Jasper National Park
- Kootenay National Park
- Yoho National Park
- Waterton National Park
The Canadian Rockies comprise both Alberta Rockies and the British Columbian Rockies. They are a northern extension from the southern American Rocky Mountains system. The Canadian Rockies generally don't range from the Rockies of Yukon and Alaska (they're sometimes called the “Arctic Rockies”).
- Highest Peak: 12,972 feet or 3,954 Meters – Mount Robson
The main attractions to those stunning mountain ranges are to determine a number of Canada's most dramatic national parks and scenery. Here it's possible to see unspoiled landscapes plus some of the best of Canadian wildlife. See grey wolves, grizzly bears, moose, bald eagles, and much more (consider a wildlife tour in Banff). Even though the best spot to see North American wildlife could well be Yellowstone National Park in the United States.
- Different: The Canadian Rockies Are Different To The South American Rockies
- Treeline: Reduced The Canadian Rockies
The Canadian Rockies are more than just a continuation from the American Rockies. The Canadian Rockies comprise more of layered sedimentary rock like limestone and shale as the American Rockies are mainly granite and gneiss along with other igneous and metamorphic rock. They're also more jagged than their American counterparts and are more hewn out by many people many years of glacial action – plus the tree lines are much lower.