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Fort McHenry: The website from the Star Spangled Banner

Can an American fort be also a “historic Shrine?” As it happens it can. Fort McHenry in Baltimore is among the most famous and symbolically consequential forts in American history. The clear American victory at Fort McHenry provides a clear cause for American national pride on a battlefield – instead of the more soul-searching battlefields like those of Gettysburg (America's bloodiest battle).

There are lots of forts all up and down the United States that date in the colonial and early independence periods. One often forgotten colonial-era fort in New york is Fort Ticonderoga and it is greatly worth a trip.

Fort McHenry And also the War of 1812

Fort McHenry is really a historical American coastal pentagonal bastion fort and is best known for its role within the War of 1812 for holding out from the British as well as for inspiring the American national anthem.

On September 12-14, 1814 the British navy sailed in the Chesapeake Bay and bombarded the fort. But it heroically held out against withering British fire and properly defended the important town of Baltimore and Baltimore Harbor.

  • Built: In 1798
  • Battle: September 13 -14, 1814

Like the French and Indian Wars years before, the War of 1812 was partially a spillover from the wars raging in Europe (this time the Napoleonic Wars). The outcome was a military draw and territorial Anglo -American status quo ante bellum – although it is common for Canadians and Americans to argue the war was won by their side.

  • Outcome From the War of 1812: Military Draw And Territorial status quo ante bellum

Fort McHenry's stout resistance was in stark contrast to that particular of the poorly manned Fort Warburton. The soldiers there destroyed the fort and fled upon seeing the British fleet without a shot.

The battle came after the American humiliation through the British underneath the command of Rear Admiral George Cockburn and Major General Robert Ross. They entered Washington on 24 August 1814 and famously burnt the main city. The British burnt the brand new American capital such as the White House and the Usa Capitol. Following the mission, the British returned to their ships.

Francis Scott Key and also the Poem “Defence of Fort M'Henry”

Key lived from 1779 to 1843 and was an American lawyer, author, and amateur poet. He watched on as the British bombarded Fort McHenry and was inspired by seeing the American flag still flying within the fort at dawn. Over time it became more popular being an unofficial anthem.

  • President Herbert Hoover: The Anthem Was Made Official By President Hoover.

The sight from the American garrison flag flying defiantly and victoriously within the fort inspired Francis Scott Answer to write the poem “Defence of Fort M'Henry.” That poem was later set to the tune “To Anacreon in Heaven” and then became referred to as “The Star-Spangled Banner”.

One can find out more about Francis Scott Key, his life, and the pro-slavery views on the nation's Park Service's page about him.

Visiting Fort McHenry Today

Fort McHenry was made a national park in 1925 as well as in 1939 it had been redesignated a “National Monument and Historic Shrine” (the only real monument also designated a shrine in the united states). It is a convention that when there is a new American flag (a new state admitted to the Union and thus an additional star added), the first flag is raised at Fort McHenry.

  • Designated: As A National Monument and Historic Shrine

Today it is a popular tourist destination – specifically for anyone who has a desire for American colonial history.

  • Access: By Water Taxi From Baltimore Inner Harbor
  • Defenders Day: Celebrated Every September To Honor the Battle of Baltimore

Visitors can easily see the Fort McHenry Guard. They're a volunteer unit that dresses in period clothes and helps interpret the Battle of Baltimore to create a living museum. They also take part in events and reenactments at places for example Riversdale and Havre de Grace.

  • Tip: Download the brand new NPS App (The state App For the 420+ NPS Sites)
  • Admission Fee: $15 For Visitors 16 And also over
  • Opening Hours: 9.00 am to 5.00 pm

See The Star-Spangled Banner Flag Today

Today that flag is permanently housed within the National Museum of American History, among the Smithsonian Institution museums around the National Mall in Washington, D.C. For some time, it remained in the having Major Armistead and his family. His grandson lent and then gifted it to the Smithsonian Institution in 1907 and 1912 respectively.

Restored: The Flag Was Restored Between 1999 and 2008

Size: Original size: 30 feet by 42 feet – Current size: 30 feet by 34 feet

Visitors can view the flag in dimmed light while the flag remains safe and secure inside a controlled environment. It is also the only official flag to have a lot more than 13 stripes – it's 15.

Stripes: The Star-Spangled Banner Flag As 15 Stripes

There are now plans for any new permanent exhibition gallery for the venerated Star Spangled Banger.

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