Abydos is definitely an archeologically very important ancient city in Egypt. It is one of Egypt's oldest capital cities and it is around 7,000 years old. Currently, it is home to the world's oldest known brewery and it has so many secrets left to show. Unfortunately, much of the traditional city is buried and destroyed under new developments of a neighboring Egyptian city.
One from the main attractions for tourists there is the impressive Temple of Seit I. While everyone should go to the Abu Simbel rock-cut temples and the world-famous temples of Luxor, the Temple of Seti I ought to equally be on one's bucket list.
What To Know About The Temple of Seti I
The Temple of Seti I (or Great Temple of Abydos) was built by Pharaoh Seti I – the daddy of the very most famous Pharaoh – Ramesses II. It had been Ramesses II who finished the making of the temple after the death of the father. Amongst other things, the temple is famous for the Abydos graffiti. This graffiti is ancient Phoenician and Aramaic graffiti found on the temple walls.
- Dedicated: The Temple Was Focused on Seti I, Osiris, Isis, Ptah, And Other Gods
- Built: Started by Seti I and Finished By Pharaoh Ramesses II
- Reign: Seti I Reigned From 1294 to 1279 BC)
With its fine white limestone, the temple is considered probably the most impressive temples in Egypt.
The facade from the Temple that one sees today used to be the setting towards the second of the two courtyards. Unfortunately, the first courtyard, and its entrance pylon, has for many years fallen into ruin.
The temple has seven great doorways and was focused on the six major gods – Osiris, Isis, Horus, Amun-Ra, Ra-Horakhty, and Ptah – as well as the seven to the Pharaoh Seti I. There are lots of great columns within the temple that one's guide will show you thorough while there.
- Shape: It had been Built In The Shape Of the “L”
- Reservation: While In Ruins, It's still Probably the most Complete Ancient Egyptian Temples Today
The temple was built-in the form of an “L” and used to have a quay, a ramp, a front terrace, two pylons, two courts, and pillared porticoes. It is unusual for Egyptian temples to become designed in an “L” shape – most were in a rectangular.
The huge tanks that were used for the absolution from the temple's priest remain visible. Just like many temples, the ruins today, while impressive, in many cases are in this ruined state that it's difficult to think of the sheer size and sweetness of the complex when it was first built.
The Depictions In the Temple of Seti I
In the temple is definitely an picture of Ramesses II worshipping his father (together with Osiris and Isis). Most of the decorations within the temple which were completed by Ramesses II are considered inferior to those made by Seti I.
Other depictions include Ramesses II (as a young boy) roping a bull with Seti I and a number of military scenes. In a single hall, a number of Ramesses II's decorations are put over Seti I's decorations.
- Artwork: The Reliefs Are thought To Be Of The Highest Quality And Hark To The Best of That old Kingdom Work
- Abydos King List: An Almost Complete Listing of Pharaoh Names Carved On The Wall – Considered The Rosetta Stone of Egyptian Archaeology
The temple is considered to have been an effort to revive that old ways of Egyptian religion after the Amarna 'heresy' only 50 years before. This was when Pharaoh Akhenaten broke using the tradition of Egyptian polytheism and centered worship round the god Aten – a monotheistic religion.
- Amarna 'heresy': When Pharaoh Akhenaten Tried to Introduce A Monotheistic Religion To Egypt
The Great Temple of Seti I has seen some restoration work and it is today one of the most complete, unique, and delightful temples in Egypt.
Ramesses II – The Greatest Builder And The Pharaoh Having a Passport
Ramesses II is called the greatest builder in Egyptian history. Throughout his long reign, he completed some of the most well-known Egyptian monuments – such as the stunning Abu Simbel rock-cut temples. The four massive seated Pharaohs guarding the doorway are Ramesses II.
- Ramesses II: The Greatest Egpytian Builder
- Passport: Ramesses II's Mummy Needed An Egyptian Passport To Travel To France
One from the strangest bits of trivia about Ramesses II is that his mummy was showing signs of decay and thus needed to be taken to France for preservation work. In order for the corpse to be flown to France, Ramesses II needed an Egyptian passport to travel… No words…