One of the most unusual and controversial archaic human species to be discovered is Homo floresiensis – known as The Hobbit. Only nine specimens have been located on the Indonesian island of Flores. Flores is not one of many touristic islands of Indonesia, but when you do visit, then be sure to learn about the world's real-life Hobbits!
Another archaic species of humans that we have even fewer specimens (but learn more about its DNA) may be the Denisovans. They were discovered within the Denisova cave in the Altai region of Siberia.
What we should Know About The Hobbit – Homo Floresiensis
It is considered that The Hobbit lived on the island until the arrival of contemporary humans around 50,000 years back. Homo Floresiensis is known as the Hobbit since the individual found would have only stood about 1.1 m (3 ft 7 in) in height.
- Nickname: The Hobbit
- Height: 1.1 meters (3 ft 7 in)
- Weight: 30 kg (66 lbs) – estimate from the female skeleton
- Age: The Most Complete Female Specimen Was Likely Around 30 Years Old
- Island: The Island Of Flores In Indonesia
- Sites Found: Liang Bua Cave And Mata Menge
There is a heated debate within the scientific community if The Hobbit was a number of diseased modern humans or perhaps a separate species. According to a 2022 study, these were indeed another species. It is thought that their diminutive size was a consequence of island dwarfism.
Until recently they were only found in Liang Bua cave but in 2022 scientists announced they'd discovered the lower jaw and teeth (likely from an adult and 2 children) at Mata Menge around 70 kilometers from Liang Bua cave. These date to 700,000 years old.
- New Discoveries: New Finds Where Found In 2022
- Extinction: Around 50,000 Years Ago Or Earlier
One thing that makes the hominin so remarkable is it survived into present times using the migration of modern humans all over the world (at first it had been thought to have gone extinct 12,000 years ago but now it's thought to have perished 50,000 years ago).
Visit Liang Bua Collapse Indonesia
Liang Bua is a limestone cave north of the capital of scotland- Ruteng on the island of Flores. It's been recognized to have archaeological and paleontological potential because the 1950s and 1960s.
There isn't any evidence of modern humans in Liang Bua cave until 11,000 years ago – even though it is famous that Homo Sapiens were in the area about 50,000 years ago (and there are a few discoveries that suggest that they may have had the experience earlier).
The cave has stalactites and stalagmites and in hobbies residents lived within the cave – it was even used like a school for that neighboring villages.
- Getting There: You can easily Make it happen by Motorbike or Truck
The cave is half-open facing a river valley, which is easy to see that it was a beautiful dwelling spot to prehistoric man. Visitors would ever guess what it was as with the days of the Hobbit – when there have been also Komodo lizards around the island and ancient dwarf elephants.
- Tip: While There Check Out the Other Caves Like Gua Galang (with bathing stones) and Gua Tanah
- Entry Fee: Not Applicable
One can either obtain a guide or make one's way there by yourself.
Learn About Homo Floresiensis At The Australian Museum
The Australian Museum in Sydney is actively involved in studying and solving the mystery of the “Hobbit” and how these were related to our very own species of humans. If one is also visiting Australia, pop into this incredible museum and find out the mounted two life-size 3D-printed copies of the Homo floresiensis.
See artist impressions of what these Hobbits probably looked like and find out more about where our knowledge of them is today. Most of the articles and resources found online are out of date as new discoveries are continually being made and our knowledge of them has been updated.
- Open Hours: 10 am – 5 pm Monday to Sunday
- Admission Fee: Admission Is Free
- Closed: Xmas Day
- Address: 1 William Street, Sydney NSW 2010, Australia
Over in Europe, if one need to learn about another species of archaic humans, the other can learn about Neanderthals in Gibraltar and the Neander River Valley in Germany – the locations they were first discovered.