Did you realize there are lakes within the ocean? Well sort of, within the ocean are what exactly are called brine pools. These are where there are pools of heavy brine collected in a seafloor depression creating a “pond” inside the sea. These brine pools are among the many strange environments of the deep blue sea.
Perhaps the strangest from the alien worlds in the ocean would be the hydrothermal vents which are colonized by extremophiles. These alien worlds live independent in the sun and some researchers believe that life even going on these vents. These are just some of the many strange things found by deep-sea divers.
What Brine Pools Are And Where To Find Them
Brine pools will also be called brine lakes and are where the salinity of the water is three to eight times more than that from the surrounding ocean. Brine pools are typical below polar sea ice, within the deep ocean, and they're based in the Gulf.
- Nicknames: “Jacuzzi of despair,” “pit of despair,” and “hot tub of despair”
The brine pools under the sea ice and also the brine pools within the offshore form for various reasons. Within the polar regions, it's formed from “brine rejection” whereas the seawater melts, the salt is expelled from the ice. In the offshore, it's formed from salt tectonics or through geothermal processes.
Brine pools are generally toxic to marine animals. When fish along with other animals wander into them, they can go into toxic shock or die.
Many of the pools contain very little oxygen and therefore are far too saline for animals to outlive. A few of the brine pools are completely lifeless, other medication is colonized with extremophiles. A few of the brine pools have mussels thriving across the pool's edge. Some also contain toxic chemicals like hydrogen sulfide.
Brine Pools Within the Gulf Of Mexico
The Gulf contains brine pools no more than one meter (yard) across and as large as 20 km or 12 miles across.
- Size: From No more than One Meter to As Large as 20 Kilometers
While today the Gulf is really a deep-sea basin, in the middle Jurassic period it was a shallow sea that was cut off after which dried out. This produced a thick layer of salts up to 8 km (5 miles) thick. When the Gulf was refilled with seawater, the salt layers were preserved from dissolution by a layer of sediment and were buried deeper in it.
As time has gone on, the load of the sediment has pushed the salt up into domes in places. The salt then dissolves and forms brine pools.
- Mussels: The “Brine Pool” of The Gulf Of Mexico Has Dense Mats of Methane-Using Mussels Fringing The Shore of The Pool
- Fish Graveyard: They can Become Full of Dead Fish Along with other Marine Life and be a “Fish Graveyard”
Animals that perish within the hypersaline brine pools frequently get converted into pickles. A good example is a crab which was discovered that was considered to have been dead for 8 years but nonetheless had its soft tissue intact.
Animals get into shock and they cannot inhale water. They frequently die quickly plus some from the brine pools are found to become eerily full of dead fish, crabs, amphipods, as well as other organisms that ventured too much in to the brine. As the brine preserves them, along with other animals cannot eat them, the brine pools may become a “fish graveyard.”
Exploring Brine Pools With Offshore Submersibles
Brine Pools in many cases are deep and aren't normal holiday destinations. But if you might enjoy to understand more about a lake within the ocean, then it's easy to rent a deep-sea submersible. One company offering this is OceanGate Experiences which also offers tours all the way down to the Titanitic.
Their expeditions can go right down to depths approaching 4,000 meters or 13,000 feet. Booking a tour with them is simple (just terribly expensive), just let them know where one's yacht will be moored or docked and also the dates and they will do the rest.
- Cost: Costs Vary Massively By Location, Date, And Duration
- Quote: To understand How Much A Dive Will definitely cost, One Needs To Obtain a Specific Quote
Share with them one's areas of interest and they will try to put together a custom expedition around one's interests. Alternatively, one can join a previously planned expedition (like expeditions towards the Titanic).
They work on deep-sea submersibles – the Titan and also the Cyclops1.
- Titan Dive Depth: It Has Dove 3,800 Meters or 12,500 Feet
- Cyclops1 Dive Depth: 500 Meters or 1,640 Feet