Gawking at awe-inspiring art and architecture from most street corners is part of daily life for Florentines. Among Europe's most elegant outdoor museums, their Renaissance city is "free sightseeing" nirvana.
Visiting the Tuscan capital is usually good-value for money, as well as the budget-conscious there are ample things to enjoy that do not cost you a single cent. Locals tend to visit museums in the winter months: state museums, such as the Uffizi and Accademia, are free throughout the Festa di Anna Maria Medici (18 February) and the first Sunday of each month from October to March.
You don't need religion to appreciate the priceless artistry and craftsmanship inside Florence's historic churches and basilicas, many of which are free. The landmark Duomo is for starters (but not its cupola or rooftop terraces).
On left-bank Oltrarno, few visitors miss the panoramic grounds of Basilica di San Miniato al Monte, but don't ignore the beautiful Capella del Crocefisso (with works by Michelozzo, Agnolo Gaddi and Luca della Robbia) inside and mesmerizing sea of monumental graves in the 18th-century cemetery hidden behind.
The highlight of Chiesa di Santa Felicità is the balcony within the church, utilized by the Medici to go to mass here and accessed through the famous Corrdoio Vasariano, the covered passageway built for the Medici so they could walk in comfort – well away from the Florentine riff-raff – between their three urban palaces. Across the water, the church where Botticelli was buried and an unusual church made from the city's old 13th-century old grain market are well worth a totally free poke-around.
Florentines are immensely happy with their cinematic sunsets – for good reason. In summer particularly, the skyline show unveiled from the panoramic heights of Piazzale Michelangelo expires there on the list of "world's most Instagrammed sunset locations". Other hillside spots to gorge on spectacular views of Brunelleschi's flame-red cathedral dome embroiled in a fiery marbled-ink sky of orange, red and pink hues would be the terrace of Basilica di San Miniato al Monte, Forte Belvedere and between roses at Giardino delle Rose.
Out-of-town hotspots are the hilltop village of Fiesole and Monte Morello near Sesto Fiorentino (both EUR1.50 by bus from central Florence).
Below around the scenic banks from the River Arno, follow the lead of savvy, budget-conscious Florentines: buy a wine bottle and go to the hottest seats in town – the smooth, stone platform developed by the east-facing bridge supports of Ponte Santa Trinità. Sit above the swirling water and toast the sun's rays because it sinks behind the romantic, star-lit Ponte Vecchio further on the river.
Renaissance comic strips
Florence is famous for its Renaissance frescoes – effectively math comic strips during the day providing social commentary and religious inspiration for the illiterate masses. A few of the finest frescoes are squirreled away inside free-to-explore Basilica di Santa Trinità where murals painted on freshly laid lime plaster depict the lives of Francis of Assisi and also the Virgin Mary; it's well worth popping a EUR0.50 coin in the slot to illuminate the candle lit side chapels.
Florence's best fresco illustrating the final Supper could be admired for free within the Cenacolo di Sant'Apollonia, painted on a single wall of a refectory for Benedictine nuns, inside a 14th-century monastery in San Lorenzo.
Contemporary street art
It's not all antique biblical musings, heroic battles scenes, Roman soldiers snoozing at work and cruel persecutions. Contemporary street artists keep Florence's art scene on its toes with confrontational discuss current political affairs, pandemics, all kinds.
Kick off a totally free DIY street-art tour in the Oltrarno studio of Clet Abraham where, if you are lucky, you can see the French-born rebel at the office, hacking a No Entry or Stop street sign with his signature sticker inlays.
Then lose yourself in the back lanes of this artsy, made-to-meander neighborhood. Keep your eyes peeled for Clet's hacked street signs, stencil art by Hogre, and description drawings of matchstick figures supporting red balloons in various guises by ExitEnter. Blub, whose caricatures of historical figures wear goggles and diving masks, is fantastic fun to spot – his art is tagged as L'Arte Sa Nuotare (Art Knows how to Swim). End in the Streets Levels Gallery, host to free urban street-art exhibitions, cultural events along with other hip happenings.
Florence brims with art and sweetness and, at times, tourists – nevertheless its green spaces are harder to locate. With the exception of blockbuster Boboli and Bardini, most city gardens can roam and come with the added accolade of being the favorite green retreats of discerning, serenity-seeking locals. Top free choices within our "Most fantastic gardens and parks" round-up include rose-scented Giardino delle Rose, springtime-spectacular Giardino dell'Iris and also the sprawling Parco delle Cascine.
Squares and bridges
In the Unesco-listed centro storico (historic centre) every piazza includes a fascinating tale to inform. But no square is quite so dramatically storied as Piazza della Signoria – and it is completely free. Stand on the location where preacher-leader Savonarola set fire towards the city's books, paintings, instruments and other art on the "Bonfire of Vanities" in 1497.
Snap fake David guarding the entrance to Palazzo Vecchio (around the very place where Michelangelo's original stood until 1873). Admire bronze satyrs and divinities frolicking around Neptune on a horse-drawn chariot within the monumental Neptune's Fountain. The square's magnificent finale is Florence's finest outdoor museum, a 14th-century loggia packed with breathtaking Renaissance sculptures.
From Piazza della Signoria, it is a free scenic walk-through the forecourt from the handsome Uffizi to the River Arno and Ponte Vecchio – Florence's old chestnut of a free tourist sight that remains one of the city's signature "memorable moments".
With its architectural grandeur and romantic light that turns the Arno and it is bridges into a portfolio of Turner canvases, Florence is really a city designed with the modern-day flaneur in your mind. Its historic center is really a delight to stroll at leisure. But more serious walkers should take a hike along 1 of 3 ecological walking itineraries designed to spread out the historic center's burdensome tourist crowd. Firenze Greenway's trio "green ways" are themed (architecture, landscape, characters) and interactive, and consume parks, gardens, out-of-town Medici villas (free admission) along with other off-beat sights you would not otherwise find.
Mountains more free walking and biking routes can be found with Feel Florence, the city's green tourism hub recently designed to ease the tourist burden on honeypot Florence and encourage visitors to dip into the unexplored – often outside and free.
Florence's rich calendar of festivals and cultural celebrations oozes free entertainment. Among the hottest dates is Easter Sunday's spectacular Scoppio del Carro when white oxen pull a firework-filled wagon through town to Piazza del Duomo where a dove-shaped rocket sets the cart ablaze.
Summertime's seasonal Estate Fiorentina ushers in 4 months of free open-air concerts, DJ sets, cinema screenings, literary salons, exhibitions at the hilltop Forte Belvedere (free admission) and pop-up cultural events city-wide. Check also the summer agenda of experimental arts center Manifattura Tabacchi. Spearheading the thrilling rejuvenation of Florence's Belfiore suburb from its HQ inside a 1930s cigarette factory, it hosts free concerts, aperitivi, gardening workshops, all sorts.
Lap up local life without having to spend anything at all at the city's smorgasbord of open-air markets – simply browsing stalls piled high with fresh produce, flowers, knock-off leather goods, antiques et al and observing the inevitable chaotic street scene is entertainment in itself. (And, should you be tempted to buy, know you are in the best place to land yourself a good deal.)
Visitors gravitate to Mercato Nuovo and the street stalls around San Lorenzo's Mercato Centrale for cheap leather, but we advise the markets where Florentines look for weekly supplies and gifts: Mercato Sant'Ambrogio for food, underneath the arches on Piazza della Repubblica for flowers on Thursday, antiques and flea market Mercato delle Pulci for any piece of old Tuscany, and Tuesday morning's massive Mercato delle Cascine for pretty much everything however the drain.